新概念英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 新概念英语 > 新概念英语mp3 > 新概念英语第四册(美音版) >  第1课

新概念英语第四册(美音版)Finding fossil man 发现化石人

所属教程:新概念英语第四册(美音版)

浏览:

随身学
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

http://www.viz2016.com/lesson/shi0529/0000/46/1.mp3
http://www.viz2016.com/statics/js/2012

Unit 1
Lesson 1
Finding fossil man 发现化石人

First listen and then answer the following question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why are legends handed down by storytellers useful?
We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where people first learned to write. But there are some parts of the word where even now people cannot write. The only way that they can preserve their history is to recount it as sagas -- legends handed down from one generation of another. These legends are useful because they can tell us something about migrations of people who lived long ago, but none could write down what they did. Anthropologists wondered where the remote ancestors of the Polynesian peoples now living in the Pacific Islands came from. The sagas of these people explain that some of them came from Indonesia about 2,000 years ago.
But the first people who were like ourselves lived so long ago that even their sagas, if they had any, are forgotten. So archaeologists have neither history nor legends to help them to find out where the first 'modern men' came from.
Fortunately, however, ancient men made tools of stone, especially flint, because this is easier to shape than other kinds. They may also have used wood and skins, but these have rotted away. Stone does not decay, and so the tools of long ago have remained when even the bones of the men who made them have disappeared without trace.

ROBIN PLACE Finding fossil man

New words and expressions 生词和短语
fossil man (title)
adj. 化石人
recount
v. 叙述
saga
n. 英雄故事
legend
n. 传说,传奇
migration
n. 迁移,移居
anthropologist
n. 人类学家
archaeologist
n. 考古学家
ancestor
n. 祖先
Polynesian
adj.波利尼西亚(中太平洋之一群岛)的
Indonesia
n. 印度尼西亚
flint
n. 燧石
rot
n. 烂掉

 

我们从书籍中可读到5,000 年前近东发生的事情,那里的人最早学会了写字。但直到现在,世界上有些地方,人们还不会书写。 他们保存历史的唯一办法是将历史当作传说讲述,由讲述人一代接一代地将史实描述为传奇故事口传下来。人类学家过去不清楚如今生活在太平洋诸岛上的波利尼西亚人的祖先来自何方,当地人的传说却告诉人们:其中一部分是约在2,000年前从印度尼西亚迁来的。 但是,和我们相似的原始人生活的年代太久远了,因此,有关他们的传说既使有如今也失传了。于是,考古学家们既缺乏历史记载,又无口头传说来帮助他们弄清最早的“现代人”是从哪里来的。 然而, 幸运的是,远古人用石头制作了工具,特别是用燧石,因为燧石较之其他石头更容易成形。他们也可能用过木头和兽皮,但这类东西早已腐烂殆尽。石头是不会腐烂的。因此,尽管制造这些工具的人的骨头早已荡然无存,但远古时代的石头工具却保存了下来。

recount /ri'kaunt/ v.叙述/ ' rei'kaunt/ 再数一次
record / ' rek[d/ /ri' kC:d/ 第一个音节带重音,名前动后
叙述:recount : emotionless 重复
describe
depict: a little emotional

narrate: temporal&spacial 根据时间或空间顺序描述。
portray:描述
saga /'sa:g[/ n.英雄故事 描述的内容mostly real 北欧海盗活动的故事
legend /'ledV[nd/ n.传说,传奇 unreal e.g robin hood
anthropologist/ 'AnWr['pCl[dVist/ n.人类学家
anthrop:人
philosophere :philo+sopher|爱+智慧=哲学家
philanthropist : 慈善家(对人有爱心的人)
anthropology :人类学
带-gy结尾的都是学科:biology 生物学geography 地理学 ecology 生态学
remote/ ri'm[ut/ n.遥远
ancestor / 'Ansest[/ n.祖先
an- 在前面
forefather,forebear ,predecessor祖先
rot/ rCt/ v.烂掉
leave me rot.=leave me along
rot to death.
soon ripe,soon rotten.
decay 国家民族逐渐衰亡 decompose 逐渐衰竭 deteriorate关系逐渐恶化
trace /treis/ n.痕迹,踪迹

trace the problem
i follow your trace=i follow where you go
polynesia 波利尼西亚
poly-多
polyandric: a wife with more than one husband
polygeny : a husband with more than one wife
flint /flint/ n.燧石 flinting hearted
fossil / ' fCsl/ n. 化石cobble 鹅卵石

read of 读到
谈到:speak of ,talk of ,know of,hear of
near east:近东 mediterranean, south europe,north afric
far east
非限定性从句,表原因
oral(spoken) language is earlier than written language.
precede :什么在什么之前,不用比较,直接跟名词
counterpart: two things or two people have the same position
oral(spoken) language is earlier than written counterpart.
preserve: 保留,保存(腌制)
如果句中有only,那后面的表语结构就要用to do sth,而不是doing sth.
storyteller: 讲故事的人
fortuneteller, palmreader: 算命先生
migration :移民1)migrant
v. migrate:迁移,迁徙
migratory bird:候鸟
none: no body
people+s 民族
if they had any: 即便是有
his relatives,if he had any,never went to visit him when he was hospitalized.
find out千方百计,费尽周折=explore
modern men :the men who were like ourselves
however-anywhere you want ,加逗号
but,yet-不加标点,only at the beginning of the sentence
therefore-自由
so-自由
tool:小工具
instrument:实验器械
equipment:设备
shape:成型;教育,改造
may also have:表推测
peel:果皮
leather:皮革
hide:兽皮 cowhide:牛皮
without (any) trace:无影无踪
2)immigrant

1
我们正在学习的是新概念美音版,
传统版本(英式发音)的音频音频播放

2
本课的视频讲解:点击观看

全部:新概念英语第四册视频

 

相关文章
“新概念”介绍
学英语为什么要选新概念?
新概念第4册——体味英语的精髓
为什么专家提倡背诵新概念

相关下载
音频和文本下载,请看播放器右侧。
新概念英语第二册电子书下载:新概念第四册pdf电子书

更多新概念文本类资料下载

学习交流

新概念学习交流:http://www.viz2016.com/forum-79-1.html
下载录音软件:http://www.viz2016.com/thread-11915-1-1.html

内容来自 听力课堂网:http://www.viz2016.com/show-5046-919-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

订阅每日学英语:

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐
                        1. 247881502 2018-01-21
                        2. 5045891501 2018-01-21
                        3. 313631500 2018-01-21
                        4. 2076671499 2018-01-20
                        5. 635781498 2018-01-19
                        6. 6781391497 2018-01-19
                        7. 2547851496 2018-01-19
                        8. 6645161495 2018-01-18
                        9. 6668371494 2018-01-18
                        10. 2778821493 2018-01-18
                        11. 9739831492 2018-01-17
                        12. 5983621491 2018-01-17
                        13. 8471911490 2018-01-16
                        14. 1388891489 2018-01-16
                        15. 4662891488 2018-01-15
                        16. 836291487 2018-01-15
                        17. 1952911486 2018-01-14
                        18. 3194311485 2018-01-14
                        19. 8495401484 2018-01-14
                        20. 5059431483 2018-01-13