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四级备考:24个四级必背听力难词

所属教程:大学英语四级词汇

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2017年01月21日

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大学英语四级考试的听力部分怎样才能得高分?首先,你得能听懂!怎么才能听懂听力的内容呢?你得掌握一定的词汇量。那么,四级听力考试中哪些词是经常出现的?跟它们“长”得很像的词又有哪些?今天,小编为大家总结四级听力考试中必背的24个词。

 

四级备考:24个四级必背听力难词

 

1.contact ['kɑn.tækt] n.接触,联系 v.联系

eg:Can I contact you by telephone?

我能通过电话联系你吗?

[拓展]

contract ['k?ntrækt] n.合同

content ['kɑn.tent] n.内容 adj.满足的

2.voluntarily ['v?l?ntr?li] adv.自愿地

eg:He made the promise quite voluntarily.

他完全自愿地做出了承诺。

[拓展]

voluntary ['vɑl?n.teri] adj.自愿的;志愿的;自发的;故意的

volunteer [,v?l?n't??] n.志愿者;志愿兵

3.assignment [?'sa?nm?nt] n.任务;布置

eg:There was no telling what the next assignment would be.

不知道下一个任务将是什么。

[拓展]

assignable [?'sa?n?b?l] adj.[经] 可分配的;可指定的;可让渡的

assign [?'sa?n] vt.分配;指派;[计][数] 赋值

4.proportion [pr?'p?r?(?)n] n.比例

eg:His head is out of proportion to the size of his body.

他的头部与身体大小不成比例。

[拓展]

proportional [pr?'p?r??n(?)l] adj.相应的,成比例的

disproportion [d?spr?'p???(?)n] n.不均衡;不相称

5.vulnerable ['v?ln?r?bl] adj.易受伤害的

eg:His knee was his vulnerable spot.

他的膝盖是容易受伤的位置。

[拓展]

be/have vulnerable to 易受...影响的

6.pursue [p?r'su] v.追求

eg:If I have enough money, I would have had no doubt to pursue a famous car.

如果我有足够的钱,我会毫不犹豫买一辆名车。

[拓展]

pursuit [p?r'sut] n.追求

in pursuit of 为了…

7.operation [.ɑp?'re??(?)n] n.操作;运行

eg:How much time do you usually complete the operation?

你通?;ǘ嗌偈奔渫瓿刹僮?

[拓展]

cooperation [k??,?p?'re??(?)n] n.合作,协作

corporate [?k??rp?r?t] adj.法人的;共同的

8.improvement [?m'pruvm?nt] n.改进;改善;改进处

eg:It is only a question of time, however, until we see an improvement.

不过我们会看到改善的,只是时间问题。

[拓展]

improve [?m'pru?v] vt.改善,增进;提高…的价值

improve in...在…方面有所增长(或改善)

9.specialize ['spe?(?)l.a?z] v.专门研究(或从事);专攻

eg:Most students do not expect to specialize in economics.

大多数学生并不想把经济作为专业。

[拓展]

special[?spe?(?)l] adj.特别的;专门的,专用的

specialized [?spe?(?)l?a?zd] adj.专业的;专门的

10.chemical ['kem?k(?)l] n.化学品;化学制品 ; adj.与化学有关的;化学的;

eg:The chemical companies had amalgamated into a vast conglomerate.

那些化学品公司已经合并成一个庞大的企业集团。

[拓展]

chemist [?kem?st] n.化学家;药剂师;药房

11.insurance [?n'??r?ns] n.保险;保险业;保险费;保费

eg:How much will the insurance cost them?

买保险的费用要多少呢?

[拓展]

insure [?n'??r?] v.投保,上保险

ensure [?n'??r?] v.确保

12.comprehensive [.kɑmpr?'hens?v] adj.全面的,理解的n.(英)综合中学

eg:The government gave a comprehensive explanation of its plans for industry.

政府对其工业发展计划做了全面的解释。

[拓展]

comprehension [.kɑmpr?'hen?(?)n] n.理解(力)

comprehensible [?k?mpr??hens?bl] adj.可理解的,能懂的

13.engage [?n'ɡe?d?] v.忙于,从事;雇佣

eg:They engaged him in a new project.

他们让他从事一个新项目

eg:He is currently engaged as a consultant.

他现在受雇为顾问。

[拓展]

be engaged in 参加,从事

14.explore [?k'spl?r] v.探索;探讨

eg:It's not so wise that you do not explore the children's market.

你们不开发儿童市场,这样做非常不明智。

[拓展]

exploration [??kspl??re??(?)n] n.探测;探究;踏勘

explorer [?k'spl?r?r] n.探险家;探测者,探测器

15.adapt [?'dæpt] v.改编;改写;使适应

eg:Good players have to be able to adapt to any type of football.

优秀的球员要适应任何类型的足球。

[拓展]

adapt to适应....

adapt...for... 将...改编成...

adopt [?'d?pt] v.收养;领养

16.refine [r?'fa?n] v.精炼;改进;改善

eg:Galileo continued to refine his ideas about objects in motion.

伽利略继续提炼他有关物体移动的观点。

[拓展]

confine [k?n'fa?n] v.限制,限定

define [d?'fa?n] v.界定;明确

17.campaign [kæm'pe?n] n.战役;运动 v.领导运动

eg:He said that such a campaign would not be sustainable.

他说这样的做法是不可能持久的。

[拓展]

movement ['muvm?nt] n.移动;活动

18.economic [.ek?'nɑm?k] adj.经济的;经济上的;经济学的

eg:I’d like to consider the economic aspect.

我想讨论一下经济方面的问题。

[拓展]

economic disruption/depression 经济萧条

19.prosper ['prɑsp?r] v.繁荣;成功;发达;兴旺

eg:With her at the wheel, the company began to prosper.

有了她当主管,公司开始兴旺起来

[拓展]

prosperous ['prɑsp(?)r?s] adj. 繁荣的;兴旺的

prosperity [pr??sp?r?ti] n. 繁荣,成功

20.sustain [s?'ste?n] v.支持;支撑;遭受

eg:Why do you think this industry would sustain your interest over the long haul?

为什么你认为你对该企业会保持长久的兴趣?

[拓展]

sustainable [s?'ste?n?b(?)l] adj.可持续的

sustainable development 可持续发展

21.accelerate [?k'sel?.re?t] v.使加速,增速

eg:Was that one of your aims to accelerate the rate of development?

加快发展的速度是你的目标之一吗?

[拓展]

speed up 加速

22.convenient [k?n'vini?nt] adj.方便的

eg:It's very convenient to pay for things by check.

用支票付款非常方便。

[拓展]

convenience [k?n'vini?ns] n.方便;便利;适宜

23.inferior [?n'f?ri?r] adj. 下级的,下等的 n. 次品

eg:He preferred the company of those who were intellectually inferior to himself.

他喜欢与那些智力水平不如他的人共处。

[拓展]

superior [s?'p?ri?r] n. 上级,上司 adj.更好的

24.dominate ['dɑm?.ne?t] v. 支配,统治

eg:His personality dominated the other members of the committee.

他的个性对委员会其他成员起了决定性的影响。

[拓展]

dominant ['d?m?n?nt] adj. 有统治权的;占优势的

dominance ['d?m?n?ns] n. 优势;统治;支配

 


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