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24个必备的英语六级听力单词

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2017年09月28日

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1. hijack[?ha?d?æk]v.劫持;绑架

eg:Two men tried to hijack a plane on a flight from UK to Australia.

两名男子试图劫持一架从英国飞往澳大利亚的飞机。

[拓展]

hijacker [?ha?d?æk?(r)] n.抢劫者,劫持者

hijacking [?ha?d?ækng] n.劫机

2. schedule ['?edju:ld]n.时刻表;目录

v.安排;将…列表

eg:He has been forced to adjust his schedule.

他被迫调整了自己的日程安排。

[拓展]

scheduled ['?edju:ld]adj.预定的;排定的

scheme [ski:m] n.计划 v.策划

3. subsidize [?s?bs?da?z] v.提供补助;以金钱收买

eg:Government has subsidized the housing of middle and upper-income groups.

政府为中高收入群体提供住房补贴。

[拓展]

subsidiary [s?b?s?di?ri] adj.附带的;补足的 n.附属物

subsidy ['s?bs?d?]n.补贴,补助金

4. enterprise[?ent?pra?z] n.事业心;企业单位

eg:There are plenty of small industrial enterprises.

这里有许多小型工业企业。

[拓展]

praise [pre?z] vt.& n. 赞扬;称赞

price [pra?s]n. 价格

5. feasible[?fi:z?bl] adj. 可行的; 可用的

eg:She questioned whether it was feasible to stimulate investment in these regions.

她对在这些地区刺激投资是否可行表示怀疑。

[拓展]

feasibility[?fi:z?'b?l?t?] n. 可行性; 可能性

flexible ['fleks?b(?)l] adj. 灵活的;易弯曲的

6. minimize [?m?n?ma?z] vt. 把…减至最低程度

eg:Concerned people want to minimize the risk of developing cancer.

相关人员希望尽可能降低罹癌风险。

[拓展]

maximum ['mæks?m?m]n. [数] 极大,最大限度;最大量

7. deteriorate [d??t??ri?re?t] vt.使恶化 vi.恶化,变坏

eg:There are fears that the situation might deteriorate into full-scale war.

人们担心形势可能恶化而演变成一场全面战争。

[拓展]

deterioration[d??t??r??'re??n] n.恶化;堕落

deteriorative[d?'t??r??re?t?v] adj.变坏的;恶化的

8. renovate [?ren?ve?t] vt.翻新,修复 adj.恢复的,革新的

eg:The couple spent thousands renovating the house.

这对夫妇花了几千元来翻新房子。

[拓展]

renovation [?ren?'ve??n] n.翻新;整修

revolution[rev?'lu:?(?)n]n. 革命

9. vacant [?ve?k?nt] adj.空缺的;茫然的

eg:Half way down the coach was a vacant seat.

车厢中部有一个空座。

[拓展]

vacancy ['ve?k(?)ns?]n.空位;空白

vacation [v??ke??n] n.假期

10. inconclusive [??nk?n?klu:s?v] adj.不确定的,无效的

eg:Research has so far proved inconclusive.

目前研究尚无定论。

[拓展]

conclusion n.结论;结局

in conclusion 综上所述

11. hospitalize [?h?sp?t?la?z] vt.就医

eg:Most people do not have to be hospitalized for asthma or pneumonia.

大多数哮喘或肺炎患者无需住院。

[拓展]

hospitality [?h?sp??tæl?ti] n.招待;热情好客

hospitalization [?h?sp?t?la?'ze??n] n.医院收容;留诊

12. sticky [?st?ki] adj.粘性的;闷热的

eg:If the dough is sticky, add more flour.

如果面团太黏,就再加点面粉。

[拓展]

stick v.粘贴

sticky rice 糯米

13. marvelous ['mɑ:v?l?s] adj.不可思议的

eg:'Isn't this marvelous?' she said.

“这是不是太不可思议了?”她说。

[拓展]

marvel[?mɑ:vl] n.奇迹 v.惊奇

14. petroleum [p??tr??li?m] n.石油

eg:We ought to and can produce more petroleum.

我们应该并且能够生产更多的石油。

[拓展]

petrol['petr(?)l]n.(英)汽油

15. distinguished[d??st??gw??t] adj.著名的;卓越的

eg:He looked very distinguished.

他看上去非常高贵。

[拓展]

distinguishable [d?'st??ɡw???bl]adj.可辩别的;可分辨的

distinguish from 将…与…区分开

16. controversy [?k?ntr?v?:si] n.论战;公开辩论

eg:The proposed cuts have caused considerable controversy.

削减开支的提议引起了诸多争议。

[拓展]

controversial [?k?ntr??v?:?l] adj.有争议的

a highly controversial issue 一个相当有争议的问题

17. thorough [?θ?r?] adj.彻底的;周到的

eg:We are making a thorough investigation.

我们正在进行彻底调查。

[拓展]

thoroughly [?θ?r?li] adv.彻底地;认真仔细地

through [θru:]prep. 通过;穿过;凭借

18. expectation[ekspek'te??n] n.希望;预料

eg:Students' expectations were as varied as their expertise.

学生们的期望根据他们的专业各有不同。

[拓展]

expectancy [?k?spekt?nsi] n.期待,期望

expectant [?k?spekt?nt] adj.期待的 n.候选人

19. motivate[?m??t?ve?t] vt.刺激;激励

eg:They are motivated by a need to achieve.

对成功的渴望激励着他们。

[拓展]

motivation [?m??t?'ve??n] n.动机;诱因

motivational [?m??t?'ve???nl] adj.动机的,动力的

20. sympathize[?s?mp?θa?z] v.同情;怜悯

eg:I sympathize with you for your loss, Professor.

教授,我对您遭受的损失深表同情。

[拓展]

sympathize with同情;支持

sympathizer [?s?mp?θa?z?(r)] n.支持者;同情者;赞助者

21. fluctuate [?fl?kt?ue?t] v.波动;涨落

eg:Body temperature can fluctuate if you are ill..

人患病后体温可能会上下波动。

[拓展]

unpredictable fluctuations 瞬息万变

inflation [?n'fle??(?)n]n. 膨胀;通货膨胀

22. postpone[?p??st'p??n] v.延期,推迟

eg:I'm afraid the meeting will be postponed.

会议怕要延期了。

[拓展]

postponement [p?'sp??nm?nt] n.延期;推迟

23. identification[a??dent?f??ke??n] n.诊断;鉴定;身份证明

eg:Early identification of a disease can prevent death and illness.

病症的及早诊断可避免死亡与病痛。

[拓展]

identification card身份证

identification number识别号码

24. coupon['ku:p?n] n.优惠券;礼券

eg:I have two coupons for the capital cinema.

我有两张首都电影院的赠券。

[拓展]

cash coupons现金券

coupon code 优惠码


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