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2017年职称英语考试理工类阅读判断试题(3)

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2017年03月17日

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Investment and Consumption

Investment in the public sector,such as electricity,irrigation,public services and transport (excluding vehicles,ships and planes) increased by about 10%,although the emphasis moved to the transport and away from the other sectors mentioned.Trade and services recorded a 16 % ~17 % investment growth,including a 30 % increase in investment in business premises.Industrial investment is estimated to have risen by 8%.Although the share of agriculture in total gross investment in the economy continued to decline,investment grew by 9 % in absolute equipment.Housing construction had 12% more invested in it in 1964,not so much owing to increased demand,as to fears of new taxes and limitation of building.

Total consumption in real terms rose by close on 11% during 1964,and per capita personal consumption by under 7 %,as in 1963.The undesirable trend towards a rapid rise in consumption,evident in previous years,remained unaltered.Since at current prices consumption rose by 16 % and disposable income by 13 %,there was evidently a fall in the rate of saving in the private sector of the economy.Once again consumption patterns indicated a swift advance in the standard of living.Expenditure on food declined in significance,although consumption of fruit increased.Spending on furniture and household equipment,health,education and recreation continued to increase.The greatest proof of altered living standards was the rapid expansion of expenditure on transport (including private cars) and personal services of all kinds,which occurred during 1964.The progressive wealth of large sectors of the public was demonstrated by the changing composition of durable goods purchased.Saturation (饱和) point was rapidly being approached for items such as the first household radio,gas cookers,and electric refrigerators,whereas increasing purchases of automobiles and television sets were registered.

36.From this passage,we learn that people ____________.

A.spent more money than they earned

B.saved more money than previously

C.invested and consumed at an accelerated pace

D.spent their money wisely

37.The author thinks that the trend towards a rapid rise in consumption was "undesirable”because ____________.

A.expenditure on luxuries increased

B.people were wealthy

C.people consumed less

D.people saved less

38.Expenditure increased on all the following EXCEPT ____________.

A.food

B.automobiles

C.education

D.entertainment

39.It can be inferred from the increase of fruit consumption that ___________.

A.people had to spend more on transportation and furniture

B.the price of fruit dropped dramatically

C.people were more money conscious

D.people were more healthy conscious

40.The word "registered"in the last line most probably means ____________.

A.marked

B.approached

C.listed

D.booked

参考答案:

36.C 从本篇文章可以得知:A人们支出大于收入;B人们比以前更节约用钱了;C人们的投资和消费在加速增长;D人们花钱更精明了。

37.C 作者认为消费的快速增长是“不良”的原因是:A奢侈品的消费增加了;B人们富有了;C人们消费减少了;D人们储蓄减少了。

38.A 下列消费都有所增加,只有什么没增加?A食物;B汽车;C教育;D娱乐。

39.D 由水果消费的增长可以推断出:A人们不得不在交通工具和家具上花更多的钱;B水果的价格大大降低;C人们更加重视金钱了;D人们更加重视健康了。

40.A 文章最后一行中的“registered”的意思是:A明显的;B接近;C列举;D预定。

Eiffel Is an Eyeful

Some 300 meters up,near the Eiffel Tower's wind-whipped summit the world comes to scribble.Japanese,Brazilians.Americans-they graffiti their names,loves and politics on the cold iron-transforming the most French of monuments into symbol of a world on the move.

With Pairs laid out in miniature below,it seems strange that visitors would rather waste time marking their presence than admiring the view.But the graffiti also raises a question:Why,nearly 114 years after it was completed,and decades after it ceased to be the world's tallest structure,is the Tour Eiffel still so popular?

The reasons are as complex as the iron work that graces a structure some 90 stories high.But part of the answer is,no doubt,its agelessness,regularly maintained,it should never rust away.Graffiti is regularly painted over,but the tower lives on.

"Eiffel represents Paris and Paris is France.It is very symbolic,"says Hugues Richard,a 31-year-old Frenchman who holds the record for cycling up to the tower's second floor-747 steps in 19 minutes and 4 seconds,without touching the floor with his feet."It's iron lady,it inspires us,"he says.

But to what?After all,the tower doesn't have a purpose.It ceased to be the world's tallest in 1930 when the Chrysler Building went up in New York.Yes,television and radio signals are beamed from the top,and Gustave Eiffel,a frenetic builder who died on December 27,aged 91,used its height for conducting research into weather,aerodynamics and radio communication.

But in essence the tower inspires simply by being there-a blank canvas for visitors to make of it what they will.To the technically minded,it's an engineering triumph.For lovers,it's romantic.

"The tower will outlast all of us,and by a long way,"says Isabelle Esnous,whose company.manages Eiffel Tower.

31.Why does the author think the Eiffel Tower is transformed into symbol of a world of the move?____________

A.Tourists from all over the world come to the Eiffel Tower by car or by plane.

B.Tourists of all nationalities come to scribble on the cold iron of the tower.

C.The Eiffel Tower is the tallest building in the world.

D.The Eiffel Tower represents all the towers in the world.

32.What seems strange to the author?____________

A.Visitors prefer wasting time scribbling to enjoying the view.

B.Visitors spends much time watching other people scribbling.

C.Only Japanese,Brazilians and Americans like to mark their presence.

D.Scribbling spread from country to country.

33.Which statements is NOT true of Hugues Richard?____________

A.He is a cyclist.

B.He is a record holder.

C.He climbed 747 steps up the tower in 19 minutes and 4 seconds.

D.He cycled up to the tower's second floor.

34.What did the builder use the Eiffel Tower for?____________

A.Sending radio and television signals all over the world.

B.Conducting research in various fields.

C.Giving people inspiration.

D.Demonstrating French culture.

35.Which of the following is nearest in meaning to "(The Eiffel Tower is like) a blank canvas for visitors to make of it what they will”?____________

A.Visitors can do whatever they want on the tower.

B.Visitors can paint on the tower whatever they want.

C.Visitors can imagine freely what the tower represents.

D.Visitors can draw on a blank canvas provided by the Tower management company.

参考答案:

31.B 第一段提供了答案。

32.A 第二段第一句中的句型would rather do something than do something else,也可以用prefer doing something to doing something else的句型来表达。所以,A是正确答案。

33.C 第四段告诉我们,Hugues Richard蹬车上塔,打破世界纪录。C不是正确选项,因为他cycling up to the tower‘s second floor,而不是climbing up the tower.

34.B 选项A不是正确选项,因为Gustave Eiffel没有也不可能使用该塔向全世界发射电视信号。第五段的最后一句提供了答案。

35.C 第六段的大意是:对不同的人,埃菲尔铁塔有不同的象征意义。


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