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2015年职称英语《综合类》模拟试题及答案(1) :概括大意

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  概括大意

  Earthquake

  1 Every year earthquakes are responsible for a large number of deaths and a vast amount of destruction in various parts of the world. most of these damaging earthquakes occur either in a narrow belt which surrounds the Pacific Ocean or in a line which extends from Burma to the Alps in Europe. Some of the destruction is directly caused by the quake itself. An example of this is the collapse of buildings as a result of the quake itself. Other damage results from landslides or major fires which are initiated by the quake.

  2 These are about a million quakes a year. Fortunately, however, not all of them are destructive. The intensity of an earthquake is measured on the Richter Scale, which goes from 0 upward. The highest scale recorded to date is 8.9. major damage generally occurs from quakes ranging upward from 6.0.

  3 The actual cause of the quake itself is the breaking of rocks at or below the earth's surface. This is produced by pressure which scientists believe may be due to a number of reasons, two of which are the expansion and contraction of the earth's crust and continental drift.

  4 In order to limit the damage and to prevent some of the suffering resulting from earthquakes, scientists are working on ways to enable accurate prediction. Special instruments are used to help people record, for example, shaking of the earth. Scientists are trying to find methods that will enable them to indicate the exact time, location and size of an earthquake.

  5 Certain phenomena have been observed which are believed to be the signs of imminent earthquakes. These include strange behaviors of some animals, the changes in the content of mineral water, etc. The magnetic properties of rocks may also display special pattern before earthquakes happen.

  1. paragraph 2__________

  2. paragraph 3__________

  3. paragraph 4__________

  4. paragraph 5__________

  A. Earthquakes forecast

  B. Historical records of earthquakes

  C. Intensities of earthquakes

  D. Cause of earthquakes

  E. Indications of earthquakes

  F. Damaging earthquakes

  5. Not all damage during an earthquake is caused ____________.

  6. Not all earthquakes are strong enough ___________.

  7. Scientists have been working hard to warn people ____________.

  8. Earthquakes can be predicted by observing ______________.

  A. by the quake itself

  B. not be prevented

  C. to cause damage of property and loss of lives

  D. of a possible earthquake

  E. the unusual behaviors of some animals

  F. the strong behaviors of human beings

  参考答案:

  1.C.该段的第2句中包含intensity(强度)一词,而且段中提到的也是震级强度数字。”。

  2.D.段首句中提到了cause(原因)。

  3.A.段首句中有prediction (预报),对应A中的forecast(预报)。

  4. E。段首句中的phenomena(现象)对应E中的 indications(迹象)。

  5.A.问题句中的is caused 提示可能会跟 by短语。

  6.C.形容词加enough的结构后面往往会跟 to引导的不定式结构。

  7.D.动词warn后面通常跟 against 或of结构,表示警告某人将有。。发生。

  8.E.observe是及物动词,后面应该跟名词性的结构。人类的行为变化跟地震没关系,所以不选F。


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